Larry Liu is a PhD student in the Department of Sociology. His interests are in political, economic and labor sociology. His main research and dissertation questions are: What are the causes and consequences of automation of work? What are the worker experiences and discourses of automation and technological change of work? Among other things, he finds that complex economic and social mechanisms, including wages, social contestation at the workplace, state power, research enterprises, social/ professional norms and demography all play a role in whether and how fast new technology can be rolled out. Social views on automation are shaped by both positive and normative considerations. The ubiquity of jobs despite automation hides the precarization of the workforce and the rise of useless jobs. This development has profound implications on alternative designs of the welfare state, e.g. universal basic income. He received his B.A. in sociology from the University of Pennsylvania and his M.Sc. in comparative social policy from Lincoln College, University of Oxford.