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Sotirios A. Barber - University of Notre Dame


Sotirios Barber is professor of political science at the University of Notre Dame. With Walter Murphy, James Fleming and Stephen Macedo he is co-author of American Constitutional Interpretation (Foundation Press, 4th edition, forthcoming). He is co-author with James Fleming of Constitutional Interpretation: The Basic Questions (Oxford, 2007). He is co-editor with Robert George of Constitutional Politics: Essays on Constitution Making, Maintenance, and Change (Princeton, 2002). His other works include Welfare and the Constitution (Princeton,2003). He is currently writing a book on federalism.



Joseph M. Bessette - Claremont McKenna College

Joseph M. Bessette is Alice Tweed Tuohy Professor of Government and Ethics at Claremont McKenna College, where he has been on the faculty since 1990.   He also teaches courses in the Department of Politics and Policy at the Claremont Graduate University.  He received a B.S. in Physics from Boston College and an M.A. and Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Chicago.  Prior to coming to CMC he served as Deputy Director and Acting Director of the Bureau of Justice Statistics in the U.S. Department of Justice (1985-90) and as Director of Planning, Training, and Management for the Cook County, IL, State’s Attorney’s Office (1980-84).  He has also held full-time teaching positions at the University of Virginia and The Catholic University of America.  He is the author, among other works, of The Mild Voice of Reason: Deliberative Democracy and American National Government and co-editor and contributor to The Presidency in the Constitutional Order.  With Jeffrey Tulis, he recently completed editing and contributing to a new collection of essays on the presidency and the Constitution, to be titled The Constitutional Presidency.  He is also completing a textbook on American government and politics (with John Pitney) and a book on the death penalty.



Mark E. Brandon - Vanderbilt University

Mark Brandon is Professor of Law and Political Science at Vanderbilt University, where he is also Director of the Law School’s Program in Constitutional Law & Theory.  He has written on constitutional failure, slavery and the American Constitution, war in a constitutionalist order, and the notion of limits to the amending power.  He is currently writing on the constitutional status of family.



James W. Ceaser - University of Virginia

James W. Ceaser is Professor of Politics at the University of Virginia. He has written several books on American politics and political thought, including Presidential Selection, Reforming the Reforms, Reconstructing America, and Nature and History in American Political Development and has co-authored, with Andrew Busch, a series of books on the past four national elections. Professor Ceaser has held visiting professorships at the University of Florence, the University of Basel, Oxford University, and the University of Bordeaux. He is a frequent contributor to the popular press.



Daniel Deudney - Johns Hopkins University

Daniel Deudney is an American political scientist and Associate Professor of Political Science at Johns Hopkins University. His published work is mainly in the fields of political theory and international relations, with an emphasis on geopolitics and realism. He has won several awards for teaching, including the Johns Hopkins University Alumni Association Excellence in Teaching Award in 2005, and the George E. Owens Teaching Award in 2001. His most recent book is Bounding Power: Republican Security Theory from the Polis to the Global Village.



Mary L. Dudziak - University of Southern California

Mary L. Dudziak is the Judge Edward J. and Ruey L. Guirado Professor of Law, History and Political Science at the University of Southern California.  Her publications include Cold War Civil Rights:  Race and the Image of American Democracy (Princeton Univ. Press, 2000);  an edited collection September 11 in History:  A Watershed Moment? (Duke Univ. Press, 2003), and Exporting American Dreams:  Thurgood Marshall's African Journey (Oxford Univ. Press, 2008).  She is currently a Guggenheim Fellow and Member of the School of Social Science, Institute for Advanced Study, at work on a book, How War Made America:  A 20th Century History.


Christopher L. Eisgruber - Princeton University

Christopher Eisgruber, the Laurance S. Rockefeller Professor of Public Affairs in the Woodrow Wilson School and the University Center for Human Values, became provost of Princeton University in July 2004. His research focuses on constitutional theory, the Supreme Court, religious freedom, and civil liberties.  He is the author of The Next Justice: Repairing the Supreme Court Appointments Process (Princeton 2007), Religious Freedom and the Constitution (Harvard 2007) (coauthored with Lawrence G. Sager), and Constitutional Self-Government (Harvard 2001). In 2005, he coedited (with Andras Sajo) a volume of papers on universalism, human rights, and local justice titled Global Justice and the Bulwarks of Localism: Human Rights in Context (Brill, 2005).  He has also published widely in leading law journals. Before coming to Princeton,  Eisgruber taught for 10 years on the faculty of the New York University School of Law. He holds a J.D. from the University of Chicago (1988), an M. Litt in politics from Oxford University (1987), and an A.B. in physics from Princeton University (1983).



John A. Ferejohn - Stanford University

John Ferejohn is the Carolyn S.G. Munro Professor Political Science and a Senior Fellow of the Hoover Institution at Stanford University, and a regular visiting professor at NYU Law School.  He has previously taught at the California Institute of Technology and has held visiting positions at the Research School for the Social Sciences in Canberra, Cornell University, Columbia University, and has been a fellow of the Center for the Advanced Study of Behavioral and Social Sciences (Palo Alto) and the Center for Advanced Study (University of Illinois). He is also a member of  the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and of the National Academy of Sciences.   He has written on varied empirical and theoretical topics within democratic theory, including social choice theory, comparative constitutional law, electoral procedures and behavior, theories of legislatures and of legislation, and about political institutions more generally. Currently his interests have been in jurisprudence, legislation, and representation – again, largely focused on how these topics intersect with democracy -- and in methodological issues such as understanding rational choice explanations of social phenomena.  Recent articles include Superstatutes (with William Eskridge which appeared in the Duke Law Journal),  “Rationality and Interpretation” ( in The Economic Approach to Politics, edited by Kristin Monroe), “Rational Choice and Social Theory” (with Debra Satz, Journal of Philosophy), ACommitment and Constitutionalism,@ (with Lawrence Sager), University of Texas Law Review, 2003, and AMadisonian Separation of Powers,@ Chapter 6  in The Theory and Practice of Republican Government, Sam Kernell (ed.), Stanford University Press, 2003.



James Fleming - Boston University

James E. Fleming became The Honorable Frank R. Kenison Distinguished Scholar in Law and Professor of Law at Boston University School of Law in Fall 2007. Previously, he was the Leonard F. Manning Distinguished Professor of Law at Fordham University School of Law. He is the author of Securing Constitutional Democracy: The Case of Autonomy (University of Chicago Press, 2006), co-author of Constitutional Interpretation: The Basic Questions (Oxford University Press, 2007) (with Sotirios A. Barber of University of Notre Dame), and co-author of American Constitutional Interpretation (4th ed., Foundation Press, forthcoming 2008) (with Walter F. Murphy and Stephen Macedo of Princeton University and Sotirios A. Barber). He is working on a book on Rights and Irresponsibility (with Linda C. McClain). He teaches courses in constitutional law, constitutional theory, torts, and remedies. He is incoming Editor of NOMOS, the annual journal of the American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy. Professor Fleming received his J.D. magna cum laude from Harvard Law School and a Ph.D. in Politics from Princeton University. During the 1999-2000 year, he was a Faculty Fellow in Ethics in the Harvard University Center for Ethics and the Professions. He has organized or co-organized many conferences in constitutional theory, including Fidelity in Constitutional Theory, The Constitution and the Good Society, Rawls and the Law, and A New Constitutional Order?, together with Theories of Constitutional Self-Government, Integrity in the Law, and Theories of Taking the Constitution Seriously Outside the Courts, all published in Fordham Law Review. He also co-edited (with Linda C. McClain) a symposium on Legal and Constitutional Implications of the Calls to Revive Civil Society, published in Chicago-Kent Law Review. In May 2007, Fordham Law Review published a symposium on Minimalism versus Perfectionism in Constitutional Theory, focusing on Professor Fleming’s book, Securing Constitutional Democracy, along with Cass R. Sunstein’s book, Radicals in Robes.



Robert P. George - Princeton University

Robert P. George is McCormick Professor of Jurisprudence and Founder and Director of the James Madison Program in American Ideals and Institutions at Princeton University. Professor George is author of Making Men Moral:  Civil Liberties and Public Morality (1993), In Defense of Natural Law (1999), and The Clash of Orthodoxies (2001).  He is editor of several volumes, including Natural Law Theory:  Contemporary Essays (1992), The Autonomy of Law:  Essays on Legal Positivism (1996), Natural Law, Liberalism, and Morality (1996), and Great Cases in Constitutional Law (2000).  He is co-author of two new books Embryo: A Defense of Human Life and Self-Body Dualism and Contemporary Ethical and Political Controversies.Professor George’s articles and review essays have appeared in the Harvard Law Review, the Yale Law Journal, the Columbia Law Review, the University of Chicago Law Review, the Review of Politics, the Review of Metaphysics, and the American Journal of Jurisprudence.  He has also written for the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, the Washington Post, National Review, First Things, the Boston Review, City Journal, and the Times Literary Supplement. Among his awards and prizes are the Bradley Prize for Intellectual and Civic Achievement, the Philip Merrill Award of the American Council of Trustees and Alumni, the Sidney Hook Memorial Award of the National Association of Scholars, the Paul Bator Award of the Federalist Society for Law and Public Policy, a Silver Gavel Award of the American Bar Association, and the Stanley Kelley, Jr. Teaching Award in Politics at Princeton. He serves on editorial boards of the American Journal of Jurisprudence, the Journal of International Biotechnology Law, and First Things, and is general editor of New Forum Books, a Princeton University Press series of interdisciplinary works in law, culture, and politics.




Mark A. Graber - University of Maryland


Mark A. Graber is a Professor of Law and Government at the University of Maryland School of Law and the University of Maryland, College Park.  He is the author of Transforming Free Speech, Rethinking Abortion, Dred Scott and the Problem of Constitutional Law, and too many articles of various aspects of constitutionalism. 




William Harris - University of Pennsylvania


William F. Harris, Associate Professor of Political Science at University of Pennsylvania, explores the connections between language and politics to develop systematic strategies of constitutional interpretation. Before joining the University of Pennsylvania, he served on the faculties of University of Michigan and Princeton University. He has also worked for a Virginia newspaper and for the North Carolina Supreme Court. Dr. Harris has published on constitutional theory in the American Political Science Review, on politics and the news media in The South Atlantic Quarterly, and on the political effects of four-letter words in The Journal of Politics. He is an adjunct professor in the Law School.  His primary areas of research are constitutional theory, political theory, legal philosophy, theories of interpretation, American political thought, and politics of the news media.



Ran Hirschl - University of Toronto

Ran Hirschl is Professor of Political Science and Law at the University of Toronto, where he holds a senior Canada Research Chair in Constitutionalism, Democracy & Development. He currently serves as the Jeremiah Smith Jr. Visiting Professor of Law at Harvard Law School. He completed his B.A., LL.B., and M.A. at Tel-Aviv University, and received his M.Phil and Ph.D. from Yale University in 1999. His primary areas of interest are comparative constitutional law and politics, and comparative legal institutions. He has been a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, and at Princeton University’s Program in Law and Public Affairs. He also received several other fellowships and awards, including a Fulbright Scholar nomination, Connaught Research Fellowship in the Social Sciences, and a first-ranked nationwide Canada Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) Grant. He has published extensively on comparative constitutional law and politics in social science journals, law reviews and chapters in edited collections, most recently The Migration of Constitutional Ideas (Cambridge, 2006), the Oxford Handbook of Law & Politics (Oxford, 2008), and the Annual Review of Political Science (2008). He is the co-editor (with Christopher L. Eisgruber), of a special symposium issue of I-CON International Journal of Constitutional Law entitled “North American Constitutionalism” (2006), and the author of Towards Juristocracy: The Origins and Consequences of the New Constitutionalism (Harvard University Press, 2004), Sacred Judgments: The Dilemma of Constitutional Theocracy (Harvard University Press, forthcoming in 2009), and Lex Comparativus Novo: Comparative Legal Studies for the 21st Century (Harvard University Press, forthcoming in 2009).   



Gary Jacobsohn - University of Texas at Austin

Gary Jacobsohn is the Patterson- Banister Professor of Government and the H. Malcolm MacDonald Professor in Constitutional & Comparative Law at the University of Texas at Austin. His interests and work lie at the intersection of constitutional theory and comparative constitutionalism. He has held fellowships from the Woodrow Wilson Center for International Scholars, the Fulbright Foundation, and the National Endowment for the Humanities. He is a past President of the New England Political Science Association, and has served as co-editor of the Rowman and Littlefield series on Studies in American Constitutionalism. He is the author of numerous books and articles, including The Wheel of Law: India’s Secularism in Comparative Context (Princeton University Press, 2003, Oxford University Press – India, 2003);  Apple of Gold: Constitutionalism in Israel and the United States (Princeton University Press, 1993); “Constitutional Identity,” (The Review of Politics, V. 68, 2006) and “An Unconstitutional Constitution? A Comparative Perspective,” (I-CON: International Journal of Constitutional Law, V. 4, 2006).



Ellen Kennedy - University of Pennsylvania 

Ellen Kennedy, Professor of Political Science at University of Pennsylvania, writes on a variety of subjects in political economy and the history of modern European political and legal theory. Her main areas of interest include political theory, jurisprudence and legal theory, comparative government, and Western Europe. Her publications include: Constitutional Failure: Carl Schmitt in Weimar (Duke University Press, 2002), The Bundesbank: Germany’s Central Bank in International Monetary System (British Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1991), and Women in Western Political Philosophy: Kant to Nietzsche (co-ed with Susan Mendus, Harvester Press, 1987).  Kennedy has been a Research Fellow of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation and the Friedreich Ebert Foundation as well as the British Academy and the Nuffield Fondation.



Benjamin A. Kleinerman - Michigan State University

Benjamin A. Kleinerman, Assistant Professor at Michigan State University’s James Madison College, is currently working on a book on discretionary executive power in the American Constitution to be published by the University Press of Kansas, he has written articles on the subject appearing in Perspectives on Politics and American Political Science Review.   He also has a forthcoming piece on Mark Twain’s Connecticut Yankee to appear in The Review of Politics.  Professor Kleinerman’s research interests include American institutions, issues in American politics, modern (liberal) political thought, and politics and literature. He received his BA in Political Science from Kenyon College and his PhD in Political Science from Michigan State University.  A former Visiting Scholar in the Program on Constitutional Government at Harvard University, Professor Kleinerman has also taught at Oberlin College and the Virginia Military Institute.


Sanford Levinson - University of Texas

Sanford Levinson, who holds the W. St. John Garwood and W. St. John Garwood, Jr. Centennial Chair in Law, joined the University of Texas Law School in 1980. Previously a member of the Department of Politics at Princeton University, he is also a Professor in the Department of Government at the University of Texas. The author of over 250 articles and book reviews in professional and popular journals, Levinson is also the author of four books: Constitutional Faith (1988, winner of the Scribes Award); Written in Stone: Public Monuments in Changing Societies (1998); Wrestling With Diversity (2003); and, most recently, Our Undemocratic Constitution: Where the Constitution Goes Wrong (and How We the People Can Correct It) (2006). His edited or co-edited books include a leading constitutional law casebook, Processes of Constitutional Decisionmaking (5th ed. 2006, with Paul Brest, Jack Balkin, Akhil Amar, and Reva Siegel); Reading Law and Literature: A Hermeneutic Reader (1988, with Steven Mallioux); Responding to Imperfection: The Theory and Practice of Constitutional Amendment (1995); Constitutional Stupidities, Constitutional Tragedies (1998, with William Eskridge); Legal Canons (2000, with Jack Balkin); The Louisiana Purchase and American Expansion (2005, with Batholomew Sparrow); and Torture: A Collection (2004, revised paperback edition, 2006), which includes reflections on the morality, law, and politics of torture from a variety of disciplinary perspectives.


Stephen Macedo - Princeton University 

Stephen Macedo is the Laurance S. Rockefeller Professor of Politics and the University Center for Human Values and, since 2002, director of the University Center for Human Values. He writes and teaches on political theory, ethics, public policy, and law, especially on topics related to liberalism and constitutionalism, democracy and citizenship, diversity and civic education, religion and politics, the family and sexuality, and the political community and globalization. His current projects include immigration and social justice and the impact on domestic democracy of involvement with multilateral institutions. As founding director of Princeton’s Program in Law and Public Affairs (1999–2001), he chaired the Princeton Project on Universal Jurisdiction and helped formulate the Princeton Principles on Universal Jurisdiction. He was vice president of the American Political Science Association and the first chair of its Standing Committee on Civic Education and Engagement. With other members of that committee he wrote a monograph, Democracy at Risk: How Political Choices Undermine Citizen Participation, and What We Can Do About It (Brookings, 2005). His other books include Diversity and Distrust: Civic Education in a Multicultural Democracy (Harvard University Press, 2000); and Liberal Virtues: Citizenship, Virtue, and Community in Liberal Constitutionalism (Oxford University Press, 1990). He is coauthor and coeditor of American Constitutional Interpretation, with W. F. Murphy, J. E. Fleming, and S. A. Barber (Foundation Press, fourth edition forthcoming). Macedo has taught at Harvard University and at the Maxwell School of Citizenship at Syracuse University. He was on leave during the academic year 2006–07 at the Institute for International Law and Justice at the New York University School of Law.



John McGinnis - Northwestern University

John O. McGinnis is a Professor of Law at the Northwestern University Law School where he teaches courses in constitutional law, international trade, antitrust and law and economics. He is a graduate of Harvard College, Balliol College, Oxford and Harvard Law School, where he was an editor of the Harvard Law Review. He clerked on the District of Columbia Circuit Court of Appeals and was a Deputy Assistant Attorney General in the Office of Legal Counsel from 1987-1991. He has published over forty scholarly articles in such periodicals as the Yale and Duke Law Journals and the California, Chicago, Georgetown, Harvard, Michigan, Northwestern, Virginia, Stanford, and Texas Law Reviews. He is a past recipient of the Paul Bator award, given by the Federalist Society to an outstanding law professor under 40.



Jan-Werner Müller - Princeton University

Jan-Werner Müller teaches in the Politics Department at Princeton University. He is also a faculty associate of the Program in Law and Public Affairs.  His research interests include the history of modern political thought, liberalism and its critics, nationalism, and the normative dimensions of European integration. Among his publications are Another Country: German Intellectuals, Unification and National Identity (Yale UP, 2000), A Dangerous Mind: Carl Schmitt in Post-War European Thought (Yale UP, 2003) and Constitutional Patriotism (Princeton UP, 2007).



Walter Murphy - Princeton University, Emeritus

Walter Murphy held the McCormick Professorship of Jurisprudence at Princeton University. His publications include, Congress and the Court (University of Chicago, 1962), Elements of Judicial Strategy (University of Chicago, 1964), Wiretapping on Trial (Random House, 1965), Constitutional Democracy: Establishing and Maintaining a Just Society (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006), The Vicar of Christ (Macmillan, 1979) (transl. into French, German, Italian, and Spanish), The Roman Enigma (Macmillan, 1981) (transl. into Spanish), Upon This Rock: The Life of St. Peter (Macmillan, 1987) (transl. into Spanish). He is also co-author and co-editor (with J. E. Fleming, S. A. Barber, & Stephen Macedo) of American Constitutional Interpretation (Foundation, 3rd ed, 2003).




Ralf Poscher - Ruhr-Universität, Bochum


Ralf Poscher is Professor of Law and Chair of Public Law, Legal Sociology, and Legal Philosophy at the Ruhr-Universität, Bochum. He is the author of Religion and Constitutional Fidelity. Constitutionalisation of the Religions - Sacralisation of the Constitution (J. Oebbecke/B. Pieroth/ E. Towfigh, eds., Islam und Verfassungsschutz, Peter Lang Verlag 2007); Law and Violence - The Strain of the State Monopoly of Power (Rubin Wissenschaftsmagazin, Sonderheft 2007); Human Dignity as Taboo. The Hidden Rationality of an Absolute Ban on Torture (G. Beestermöller/H. Brunkhorst, eds., Rückkehr der Folter. Der Rechtsstaat im Zwielicht?, Becksche Reihe 2006); Human Dignity in the State of Exception (P. Bahr/M. Heinig, eds., Menschenwürde in der säkularen Verfassungsordnung, Mohr Siebeck 2006); New Regulation against  extremist Assemblies (Neue Juristische Wochenzeitung 2005); Bans against Religious Communities (Kritische Vierteljahresschrift für Gesetzgebung und Rechtswissenschaft 2002). In the year 2007-2008, Prof. Poscher is on academic leave at the Institute for Advanced Study.



Kim Lane Scheppele - Princeton University

Kim Lane Scheppele is the Laurance S. Rockefeller Professor of Public Affairs in the Woodrow Wilson School and in the University Center for Human Values at Princeton University, where she is also the Director of the Program in Law and Public Affairs. Scheppele joined the Princeton faculty in 2005 after nearly a decade on the faculty of the University of Pennsylvania School of Law, where she was the John J. O'Brien Professor of Comparative Law.  Scheppele concentrates on comparative constitutional law, using ethnographic, historical and doctrinal methods to understand the emergence and collapse of constitutional systems. After 1989, she has focused her attention on the transformation of the countries under Soviet domination into constitutional rule-of-law states. She spent fully half of the years between 1994 and 2004 living in Hungary and then in Russia, studying the constitutional courts of each country and examining the ways in which the new constitutions have (or have not) seeped into public consciousness. Since 9/11, Scheppele has researched the effects of the international "war on terror" on constitutional protections around the world. Her book-in-progress, The International State of Emergency, explores the creation of international security law through UN Security Council resolutions and examines the effect that apparent compliance with these resolutions has had on constitutional integrity. She has published widely in law reviews and social science journals. 



Ian Shapiro - Yale University

Ian Shapiro is Sterling Professor of Political Science at Yale University, where he also serves as Henry R. Luce Director of the MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies. He has written widely and influentially on democracy, justice, and the methods of social inquiry. A native of South Africa, he received his J.D. from the Yale Law School and his Ph.D from the Yale Political Science Department where he has taught since 1984 and served as chair from 1999 to 2004. Shapiro is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a past fellow of the Carnegie Corporation, the Guggenheim Foundation, and the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences. He has held visiting appointments at the University of Cape Town and Nuffield College, Oxford. His most recent books are The Flight From Reality in the Human Sciences, and Death by a Thousand Cuts: The Fight Over Taxing Inherited Wealth (with Michael Graetz). His new book, Containment: Rebuilding a Strategy against Global Terror is forthcoming from Princeton University Press. His current research concerns the relations between democracy and the distribution of income and wealth.



Cindy Skach - Harvard University

Cindy Skach is Associate Professor of Government at Harvard, and Affiliated Professor of International Legal Studies at Harvard Law School. She researches and teaches comparative public law and jurisprudence, and legal ethnography. Skach is the author of Borrowing Constitutional Designs (Princeton University Press, 2005), which won the Georges Lavau Award in 2005. Her next book investigates the ways legal restrictions on religious liberty shape identity, and is forthcoming as The Constitution of Peoples (Harvard University Press). Her other published work can be found in several languages, and in journals such as the American Journal of International Law, World Politics, Journal of Common Market Studies, International Journal of Constitutional Law, Constitutional Political Economy, and Journal of Democracy, as well as in law reviews, academic journals and edited volumes in the US, Latin America and Europe. With support from the Harvard Academy for International and Area Studies, and the Ash Institute for Democratic Governance and Innovation, Skach is currently writing a book on the 'modernization' of Islamic law. Concurrently, under the auspices of the Film Study Center at Harvard, Skach is producing "Cadi Justice," a visual enthography of Islamic law in transition; and "Race," a visual ethnography of ethnic politics in a Parisian suburb. Skach's other Harvard affiliations include the Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies, the Center for Middle Eastern Studies (Steering Committee), the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, the Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies, and the Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies.



Rogers M. Smith - University of Pennsylvania

Rogers M. Smith is the Christopher H. Browne Distinguished Professor of Political Science at the University of Pennsylvania and Chair of the Penn Program on Democracy, Citizenship, and Constitutionalism.  He teaches American constitutional law and American political thought, with special interests in issues of citizenship and racial, gender, and class inequalities. He is the author or co-author of many essays and five books.  His 1997 book Civic Ideals: Conflicting Visions of Citizenship in U.S. History received “best book” awards from the American Political Science Association, the Organization of American Historians, and the Social Science History Association, among others, and was a Finalist for the 1998 Pulitzer Prize in History.  Smith received a B.A. degree from James Madison College, Michigan State University in 1975 and a Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1980.



Paul Starr - Princeton University

Paul Starr is professor of sociology and public affairs at Princeton University and co-founder and co-editor of The American Prospect. At Princeton he holds the Stuart Chair in Communications and Public Affairs at the Woodrow Wilson School. He received the 1984 Pulitzer Prize for Nonfiction and the Bancroft Prize in American History for The Social Transformation of American Medicine and the 2005 Goldsmith Book Prize for The Creation of the Media. His most recent book Freedom's Power, on the history and promise of liberalism, will be out in paperback in spring 2008.



Jeffrey Tulis - University of Texas at Austin

Jeffrey K. Tulis is on the faculty of the Department of Government at the University of Texas at Austin.   He is currently completing several books including, The Politics of Deference (on institutional abdication in American politics), The Constitutional Presidency (co-ed with Joseph Bessette) and Legacies of Loss in American Politics (with Nicole Mellow). The current special issue of the journal Critical Review is devoted to a twenty year retrospective on his book The Rhetorical Presidency.  He is co-editor, with Sanford Levinson, of the Johns Hopkins Series on Constitutional Thought.



Mark V. Tushnet - Harvard University

Mark Tushnet is William Nelson Cromwell Professor of Law at Harvard Law School.  He received his undergraduate degree magna cum laude from Harvard College in 1967.  He received a J.D. and M.A. in history from Yale University in 1971.  He clerked for Judge George Edwards and Justice Thurgood Marshall before beginning to teach at the University of Wisconsin Law School in 1973.  In 1981 he moved to the Georgetown University Law Center, and in 2006 to Harvard Law School.  He has been a visiting professor at the University of Texas, University of Southern California, University of Chicago, Columbia University, New York University, and Harvard law schools.Professor Tushnet is the co-author of four casebooks, including the most widely used casebook on constitutional law, Constitutional Law (with Stone, Seidman, and Sunstein).  He has written fourteen books, including a two-volume work on the life of Justice Thurgood Marshall and A Court Divided:  The Rehnquist Court and the Future of Constitutional Law, and edited eight others.  He has received fellowships from the Rockefeller Humanities Program, the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, and the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, and has written numerous articles on constitutional law and legal history.  He was President of the Association of American Law Schools in 2003.  In 2002 he was elected a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.



Adrian Vermeule - Harvard University

Adrian Vermeule is Professor of Law at Harvard Law School.  He graduated from Harvard College in 1990 and Harvard Law School in 1993.  From 1998 to 2006, he was a law professor at the University of Chicago.  His most recent book is Mechanisms of Democracy: Institutional Design Writ Small (Oxford 2007). He is author of “Judging Under Uncertainty” (2006), “Terror in the Balance” with Eric A. Posner (2007), and “Mechanisms of Democracy” (2007).



Keith E. Whittington - Princeton University

Keith E. Whittington is William Nelson Cromwell Professor of Politics at Princeton University. He is the author of Constitutional Construction: Divided Powers and Constitutional Meaning, and Constitutional Interpretation: Textual Meaning, Original Intent, and Judicial Review, and Political Foundations of Judicial Supremacy: The Presidency, the Supreme Court, and Constitutional Leadership in U.S. History, and editor (with Neal Devins) of Congress and the Constitution and editor (with R. Daniel Kelemen and Gregory A. Caldeira) of the forthcoming Oxford Handbook of Law and Politics. He has published widely on American constitutional theory and development, federalism, judicial politics, and the presidency. He has been a John M. Olin Foundation Faculty Fellow and American Council of Learned Societies Junior Faculty Fellow, and a Visiting Scholar at the Social Philosophy and Policy Center, and a Visiting Professor at the University of Texas School of Law.  He is currently working on a political history of the judicial review of federal statutes and a volume of cases and materials on American constitutionalism.



Jennifer Widner - Princeton University

Jennifer Widner is Professor of Politics and International Affairs and Director of the Mamdouha S. Bobst Center for Peace & Justice.  Before joining the Princeton faculty in 2004-5, she taught at Harvard and the University of Michigan.  Her current research focuses on constitution writing and constitutional design, as well as institutions and service delivery in developing countries, especially Africa. Her most recent book is Building the Rule of Law (W. W. Norton), a study of courts and law in Africa and other developing country contexts.  She has published articles on a variety of topics in Democratization, Comparative Politics, Comparative Political Studies, Journal of Development Studies, Current History, Daedalus, the American Journal of International Law, and other publications. 



Mariah Zeisberg - University of Michigan

Mariah Zeisberg is an assistant professor in political science at University of Michigan. Her research focuses on constitutional theory, law and politics, and liberal and democratic theory. She is broadly interested in the significance of political conflict and legal disagreement for our theories of constitutional authority. She is currently preparing a book manuscript on the constitutional war powers of the US Congress and President, exploring the value of rightly-structured conflict between these two branches as to the proper scope of war powers. She has also written on religious freedom in the United States and Canada. Zeisberg received a B.A. in Government and Plan II Liberal Arts from the University of Texas at Austin, a Ph.D. in politics from Princeton University, and recently held a postdoctoral fellowship at Brown University.








Conference Coordinators: Stephen Macedo and Jeffrey Tulis; Graduate Assistant: Evan Oxman

UCHV Staff: Erum Syed, 609-258-2739

2008 The Trustees of Princeton University, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 USA

© 2008 The Jacob and Gwendolyn Lawrence Foundation, Seatle/Artist Rights Society (ARS), New York